| Livlihood enhanced through better farming practices
Koraput a tribal district is the abode of nature’s beauty and resources. With abundant natural resources and favourable climatic conditions, the district has the capability to mitigate the poverty of the tribal people.
The current practice of farmers is still improper used of the bado land into cropping pattern. Two phases vegetable cultivated in irrigated land whereas one time cultivation system practiced in un- irrigated land during one year period. Farmers donot have proper planning and skills to increase the yield.
Farmers were given better package of practices by inter cropping and mixed cropping for better yields.
Bhagaban Muduli a Marginal farmers live with 3 children and his wife at Raulipadar village of Champi GP. He belongs to tribal community. The village is 18 Km distance from kakiriguma market and 14 Km distance from Laxmipur market and 6 km distance from main road communication. He is a marginal farm
Land status of Bhagaban Muduli:
Land categories DANGAR PADAR BADO SARIA-1 SARIA-2 JHOLA Total
Area in acres 2 0.5 1 1 1 0 5.5
Present status: The farmers ddidnot use the bado land into cropping pattern. Two phases vegetable cultivation was done in irrigated land and one time cultivation during monsoon on non irrigated land was done. Approximately he earned an income of Rs 10000/ per year from his land.
In this situation he is getting facilitation for planning, on field training on mixed cropping and handholding support like soil testing, selection of crops, crop protection and marketing through WORD agriculturist. He prepared an Agriculture plan for his land as follows:
Cropping programme: Three phase cultivation process planning was done in the land for one year duration.
In the first phase putting cereals, root, tuber, green, etc., vegetable during four months period from June to September was planned and grown.
After that second phase spices varieties were cultivated during October to January for four months period.
Thirdly the short duration of vegetables were taken up after the second harvesting from February to May four months period. Papaya, banana, Drumstick plants were planted in the periphery of the land.
The major intervention done by Mr.Bhagaban Muduli is to improve production under agriculture programme, Promotion of back yard poultry farming, Income generation programme, Individual asset creation under NREGA, vegetable cultivation and mobilization of Govt. facilities were also taken up simultaneously.
Promotion of mixed cropping at Household level:
According to planning Mr. Bhagaban Muduli applied off season cultivation in second phase during October to January in their field during 2014 October.
With the seed support of WORD he cultivated potato and Radish as a mixed crop in their one acre of bado land. He was given technical guidance by WORD. During the cultivation period he made an expense of Rs 20000/ (own contribution like ploughing, seedling, planting, manuring, watering, care and maintenance and harvesting etc) apart from seed provided by WORD. After harvest he contacted the three markets viz. Rayagada wholesale market and weekly market at Laxmipur and Kakiriguma.
Mr. Bhagaban Muduli sold the vegetable an amount of Rs 70000/. and profited Rs 45000/ in the four month intervention practicing better agriculture techniques.
Changes: The mixed cropping vegetable cultivation y profited them to Rs 45000/.With the profit he is planning to build a house and bought one goat for rearing. He learnt the skills and now able to take up the skills independently and also support his fellow armers.
His involvement with WORD gave him opportunity to preparation of agricultural plan, taking up better package of practices, able to mobilise support from different departments like agriculture, horticulture etc., to improve his livelihood. He is now trained to support other farmers as well.
| Participatory communication on ITCF
Deo Saunta lives in Kapsiput Village of Bhitaragada GP, Laxmipur Block. She has three children and is now pregnant with her fourth child. Till now she had never attended any VHND or taken immunization .The same was the condition during her previous three childbirths. She was hesitant to listen and do whatever the AWW and ASHA would say to her. WORD had organized a video show in Kapsiput village on the topic of safe motherhood. After watching the video, the staff present there explained about ANC and PNC to the women and the others present over there. Listening to the staff and after watching the video Deo Saunta realized the importance of taking care of the child and also of herself. Thereafter she is now regularly attending the VHNDs and taking immunization and TT injections.
The Video show has brought a change in Deo Saunta’s behavior and the way she used to take care of her. Now she is attending VHND regularly and taking ICDS THR on time.
| Child Protection through 1098
The CHILDLINE center of WORD received a call from Mr. Drono Khosla on 26. 05.2015. It was from Kellar village of Laxmipur block. The call was made in order to stop the marriage of a 16 year old girl.
Miss. Kuntula Kandpan was the daughter of Mrs. Maria and Late Mr. Chitrasen Kandpan. Their family was not so well off. Her mother and other relatives decided to marry her to Sahadev from Bandhugaon. Their family could not afford for the marriage expenses. Hence the groom’s family agreed to make all the necessary arrangement and conduct the marriage at Majhigouri temple in Rayagada. It was to take place on 07.06.2015. The marriage was against the will of the girl and she had agreed to this only because of her poverty.
Once they received the call, the staff of WORD reached the village and took the necessary steps to stop the marriage. They counseled the family members and the villagers .They informed about the consequences of conducting child marriage and also indicated how this is a violation of child rights. The police were also present to withhold the marriage and they also explained the villagers.
When the people understood their mistake, they decided to stop the marriage for now. The family members of Kuntula gave an undertaking stating that they will wait for the girl to turn 18 years of age and the elder brother of Kuntula will solemnize her marriage. They also agreed if they violate the undertaking they will be punishable as per the law.
The undertaking was signed by the girl Kuntula. Her mother Mrs. Maria, elder brother Sudarshan, uncle Chandra and two villagers Gobindo Garoda and Bhakta Khosla as witness.
| Making MGNREGA a success by People's Initiative
This is a success story of four villages namely Raulipodar, Bilansil, Gusaraguda and Jholaguda of Kumsumguda and Champi Panchayats of Laxmipur Block , Koraput district.
The villages are situated at an altitude of about 3000ft above sea level and consist of 40 to 60 households in each village, who are tribals and marginal farmers depending on the nature and forest for their livelihood. Their main occupation is rain-fed agriculture and forest based livelihood. Due to the climatic variations and large deforestation, people lost their livelihood base and started to migrate to nearby cities like Rayagada and Vishakapatnam. The women were left in the village to take care of the family while men worked in brick kilns and construction sites and earned meagre income. They usually migrate during the summer months to other cities and towns and return back before monsoon to take up agriculture. Migration had its own consequences like ill health, addition to alcohol and gravity of sexually transmitted diseases. Agriculture occupation was weaning in the villages and there was food insecurity for 5-6 months among families. This resulted in ill health especially of the women and children.
WORD facilitated the communities to prepare a village profile and micro plan through the Village Development Committees (VDCs) and during the process it was observed that the people did not have any source of livelihood during the off season of agriculture. It was also observed that MGNREGA schemes have been implemented in the villages but there was lots of issues related to non payment, delay in payment, corruption among the stakeholders involved in the scheme, debting of MGNREGA cards to the sourkars for small credits, mis management of fund in the post office etc., These issues in turn have made the people wary of the scheme and they did not opt for more MGNREGA projects into their villages.
WORD felt that it was necessity to make the people fully aware about the scheme and bring about infrastructure and land development works in the villages to support in their livelihood initiatives. WORD had a detailed discussion with the Village Development Committee members and prioritized the issues as follows:
• Man-days of work was from 5 to 20 days only and not all eligible families had the MGNREGA cards
• Accounts were opened in Post office and the Post master kept all the pass books
• The work sanction was done by the contractors who took up the work in the villages and hence the infrastructure like CC road, village road, ghat cutting etc., was not qualitative.
• There was a delay in payment from 12 to 20 months which disappointed the people who have put their hard labour.
WORD conducted series of trainings on concept clarity of MGNREGA to the communities, PRI members, NREGA monitoring committee, Gram Sathee and GRS of the Panchayats. Accordingly 30 pass books which were kept under the charge of the post master was relieved. An interface was conducted with the stakeholders and the people who were deprived of their wages. The people addressed their issues directly with the Block and District administration and OMBUDSMEN of MGNREGA. With repeated dialogue of the leaders of the VDCs at the Block and District level, the issue of delay payment was sorted out amicably after a long struggle of 18 months.
194 cardholders of four villages got their delayed payment totalling to Rs.2,32,095/- by creating assets like roads and concrete roads to their villages.
This success has instilled confidence among the communities that if they could work as a team they could lobby for their rights at the block and district level. They no longer depend on the contractors to bring MGNREGA work into their village and the village youth take up the initiative. The Village youth also became the Gram Sathee and he monitors the work and payments. The number of man days has improved dramatically to 50 days per family and now there is no delay in payments. If any issue ari